Treatment of Aphasia
David Caplan, M.D., Ph.D. and Swathi Kiran, Ph.D., CCC-SLP study recovery of naming ability. Treatment focuses on naming objects or things within semantic categories based on their meaning and the features that connect them. Training atypical items within categories (e.g., ostrich in the category of birds) improves these words as well as more typical items within category (e.g., robin). This project examines recovery of naming and other language abilities as well as the effects of treatment on brain processing.
To learn more about Dr. Kiran’s research, visit Boston University’s Aphasia Research Laboratory website.
Spelling and Writing Deficits:
Brenda Rapp, Ph.D. and her team study the effects of treatment of spelling abilities using a cognitive neuropsychologically based approach. Participants receive treatment focused on spelling selected sets of words, with expected improvement of trained words as well as related words with overlapping spellings (i.e., their neighbors). Behavioral and neuroimaging measures reveal patterns of recovery of spelling as well as general language ability and the brain mechanisms that support it.
To learn more about Dr. Rapp’s research, visit Johns Hopkins University’s CogNeuro Research Laboratory website.
Sentence Processing Deficits:
Cynthia K. Thompson, Ph.D. and her research team investigate the effects of sentence-level treatment on language and brain recovery. Participants receive treatment focused on complex sentence structures, with recovery of untrained, linguistically related, less complex sentences an expected outcome of treatment. Processing routines used as people comprehend and produce sentences are examined using eye-tracking techniques and the neural mechanisms of recovery are examined using neuroimaging methods.
To learn more about Dr. Thompson’s research, visit Northwestern University’s Aphasia and Neurolinguistics Research Laboratory website.
Please click here for more information about volunteering in the Aphasia and Neurolinguistics Research Laboratory.